The Quranic Word Series: Salaam

Today’s Quranic Word of the Day is Salaam 

Salaam is an Arabic word which means peace or perfect. It is one of the names of Allah subhaanahu wa ta’ala.  He alone is the Giver and source of peace and likewise He alone is perfect from all defects. Allah says,

 هُوَ اللَّهُ الَّذِي لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ الْمَلِكُ الْقُدُّوسُ السَّلَامُ الْمُؤْمِنُ الْمُهَيْمِنُ الْعَزِيزُ الْجَبَّارُ الْمُتَكَبِّرُ ۚ سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ عَمَّا يُشْرِكُونَ – 59:23

He is Allah, other than whom there is no deity, the Sovereign, the Pure, the Perfection, the Bestower of Faith, the Overseer, the Exalted in Might, the Compeller, the Superior. Exalted is Allah above whatever they associate with Him.

Also,  it has been narrated in the Sunnah of our noble Prophet ﷺ that He used to say after every prayer,

عن عَائِشَةَ، قَالَتْ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ إِذَا سَلَّمَ لَمْ يَقْعُدْ إِلاَّ مِقْدَارَ مَا يَقُولُ ‏ “‏ اللَّهُمَّ أَنْتَ السَّلاَمُ وَمِنْكَ السَّلاَمُ تَبَارَكْتَ يَا ذَا الْجَلاَلِ وَالإِكْرَامِ ‏”‏‏.‏

It was narrated that ‘Aishah said: “When the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said the Salaam at the end of prayer, he would sit only for as long as it took to say: (O Allah, You are As-Salaam, From You is all peace, blessed are You O Possessor of majesty and honor).’”

The Home of Peace

 One of the names of Paradise is Daar As-salaam (the home of peace and perfection). This is because in Paradise everyone will be free from worries, anxiety, grief and sorrow. They will obtain inner peace. Also everything Allah has prepared for them therein is perfect. 1

There are many examples of the status of the people who will be rewarded with Jannah. After all of the trials, tests, and sufferings in this worldly life, finally the servant will have, peace.

At the point of death

When the angels take the soul, if that person is found good and pure, the angels will say to him, “Peace be upon you, enter Paradise for the work that you used to do.”2

Upon entering the Paradise

Allah mentions in the Quran that the people who feared Allah will be driven into Paradise in groups, the doors will be opened and the keepers of Paradise will convey the message of peace and will tell them to enter it. 3

Inside the Paradise

Those who are rewarded with Paradise will never have to leave. This will be their home forever. And their greeting among them will be the greeting of peace.4

Greetings directly from Allah

Allah will address the people of Paradise with the greetings of peace, informing them that this reward is because of their patience. And the most beautiful point is that He calls it ‘the Final home’. 5

The Greeting of Islam: As Salaam

The greeting of Islam is As Salamu alaykum- May peace be upon you. This is a du’a that we make for the person we are greeting. We can add to our greeting and du’a by saying wa rahmatullahi wa barakaatuhu – and the mercy of Allah and His blessings. 

 Our noble Prophet ﷺ  directed the believers when he said;

عَن أَنَسٍ قَالَ‏:‏ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم‏:‏ إِنَّ السَّلامَ اسْمٌ مِنْ أَسْمَاءِ اللهِ تَعَالَى، وَضَعَهُ اللَّهُ فِي الأَرْضِ، فَأَفْشُوا السَّلامَ بَيْنَكُمْ‏.‏

Anas reported that the Messenger of Allah, ﷺ said, “As-Salam (peace) is one of the Names of Allah Almighty which Allah has placed in the earth. Therefore give the greeting among yourselves.”

The spread of Salaam should not be with segregation or specific to some but should be general to anyone that we see as a Muslim, who believes in Allah subhaanahu wa taala. The Prophet ﷺ informed us that among the signs of the last hour is that people will be specific in their salaam and will only do it to those that they know. He said;

إِنَّ مِنْ أَشْرَاطِ السَّاعَةِ: أَن يُسلِّمَ الرَّجُلُ عَلَى الرَّجُلِ لَا يُسلِّمُ عَلَيهِ إِلَّا لِلمَعْرِفَةِ

 The Messenger of Allah, ﷺ said, “Indeed from among the signs of the last Hour is that a man will not give the greeting of peace to another man unless he knows him.”

The greeting should be given to all Muslims whether you know them or not. In fact, one of the benefits of spreading salam is that it increases the love between us. Our Messenger ﷺ told us in the hadith,

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ “‏ وَالَّذِي نَفْسِي بِيَدِهِ لاَ تَدْخُلُوا الْجَنَّةَ حَتَّى تُؤْمِنُوا وَلاَ تُؤْمِنُوا حَتَّى تَحَابُّوا أَلاَ أَدُلُّكُمْ عَلَى أَمْرٍ إِذَا أَنْتُمْ فَعَلْتُمُوهُ تَحَابَبْتُمْ أَفْشُوا السَّلاَمَ بَيْنَكُمْ ‏”‏ ‏.

Narrated Abu Hurairah: That the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: “By the One in Whose Hand is my soul! You will not enter Paradise until you believe, and you will not believe until you love one another. Shall I inform you about a matter which if you do it, you will love one another? Spread the Salam among each other.”

Once the greeting is conveyed, the person who is being greeted should respond with equal to the greeting given or better. So if we said: As salamu alaykum wa rahmatullaah.  They should reply “wa alaykumus salam wa rahmatullah” (and may the peace be upon you and the mercy of Allah) or “wa alaykumus salam wa rahmatullahi wa barakaatuhu”. This is in accordance to the commandment of Allah when He says;

وَإِذَا حُيِّيتُم بِتَحِيَّةٍ فَحَيُّوا بِأَحْسَنَ مِنْهَا أَوْ رُدُّوهَا ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ حَسِيبًا – 4:86

And when you are greeted with a greeting, greet [in return] with one better than it or [at least] return it [in a like manner]. Indeed, Allah is ever, over all things, an Accountant.

So greet every Muslim you meet with salam even if you don’t know them personally and spread the love in our ummah (nation).

As Salaamu alaykum wa rahmatullahi wa barkaatuhu

Notes

1. Surah 10:25

2. Surah 16:32

3. Surah 39:73

4. Surah 14:23

5. Surah 13:24

6. Sahih Bukhari 6928, Book 88, Hadeeth 10

1 Comment

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