Quranic Word Series: Rizq

Today’s Quran Word of the Day is Rizq

Rizq means provision. It includes everything that we have been provided with by Allah. Wealth is a form of provision but it is not the only thing that Allah has provided us with. He provided us with external things like food, shelter and clothing. He also provides us with internal things like knowledge, love and guidance.

Provisions and the Lordship of Allah

The ability to provide for all creatures is one of the attributes that show the Lordship of Allah ﷻ as no one can ever do or try this. If someone provides for another it is only from what he has been given from the provision of Allah and this attribute should direct us to His worship alone. Allah says,

يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ اذْكُرُوا نِعْمَتَ اللَّهِ عَلَيْكُمْ ۚ هَلْ مِنْ خَالِقٍ غَيْرُ اللَّهِ يَرْزُقُكُم مِّنَ السَّمَاءِ وَالْأَرْضِ ۚ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ ۖ فَأَنَّىٰ تُؤْفَكُونَ – 35:3

O mankind, remember the favor of Allah upon you. Is there any creator other than Allah who provides for you from the heaven and earth? There is no deity except Him, so how are you deluded?

But as for those who are ingrates and still persist in associating partners with Allah, He cited for them an example in the Quran with the provisions that He has provided for them. He says,

وَاللَّهُ فَضَّلَ بَعْضَكُمْ عَلَىٰ بَعْضٍ فِي الرِّزْقِ ۚ فَمَا الَّذِينَ فُضِّلُوا بِرَادِّي رِزْقِهِمْ عَلَىٰ مَا مَلَكَتْ أَيْمَانُهُمْ فَهُمْ فِيهِ سَوَاءٌ ۚ أَفَبِنِعْمَةِ اللَّهِ يَجْحَدُونَ – 16:71

And Allah has favored some of you over others in provision. But those who were favored would not hand over their provision to those whom their right hands possess so they would be equal to them therein. Then is it the favor of Allah they reject?

Meaning that, the ignorant ones and disbelievers would not accept for their servants and slaves to have an equal share in their wealth which Allah has provided for them. So, how is it that Allah would accept His servants to be His equal in Divinity, Glory and Power?

One of Allah’s beautiful names is Ar-Razzaaq, as nobody truly provides for us but Allah. He created His creations and never expected any provision from anyone of them instead He wants them to submit and worship Him.1

Distribution of Provision

The quantity of provision that one has is not a sign of Allah’s love or anger, instead it is a test to see how you will react to what you have been given. He provides for animals and others; those that we know and those that we do not. Allah says;

وَمَا مِن دَابَّةٍ فِي الْأَرْضِ إِلَّا عَلَى اللَّهِ رِزْقُهَا وَيَعْلَمُ مُسْتَقَرَّهَا وَمُسْتَوْدَعَهَا ۚ كُلٌّ فِي كِتَابٍ مُّبِينٍ – 11:6

And there is no creature on earth but that upon Allah is its provision, and He knows its place of dwelling and place of storage. All is in a clear register.

The one who receives these provisions is only known to Allah and has been destined according to His will and the quantity one will receive is known to Him and has been destined and willed. Allah says;

اللَّهُ يَبْسُطُ الرِّزْقَ لِمَن يَشَاءُ مِنْ عِبَادِهِ وَيَقْدِرُ لَهُ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيمٌ – 29:62

Allah extends provision for whom He wills of His servants and restricts for him. Indeed Allah is, of all things, Knowing.

Allah provides for everyone. Either you believe in Him or you do not. The provision for the believers is a little enjoyment for them in this world and in the Hereafter they will have more but for the unbelievers it is allurement and serves as bait for them so that their punishment will be much on that day.

When Prophet Ibraheem may the peace and blessing of Allah be upon him supplicated that Allah should provide only for those who believe, Allah responded and those who disbelieve too.2

Those people who have been limited in their provision should show patience and those who have been given a lots of provision should be grateful. So let us show gratitude to Allah for His provision.

What Increases Someone’s Provisions

Piety and Faith:

Allah ﷻ promised to provide for those who believe in Him and are pious. This is because they are most entitled to whatever provision they need from Allah as they are obedient and submissive. Allah says;

وَمَن يَتَّقِ اللَّهَ يَجْعَل لَّهُ مَخْرَجًا – 65:2

And whoever fears Allah – He will make for him a way out

وَيَرْزُقْهُ مِنْ حَيْثُ لَا يَحْتَسِبُ ۚ – 65:3

And will provide for him from where he does not expect.

Reliance on Allah:

Among those things that increase one’s provision is relying on Allah ﷻ because the provision that one will get in this world has been written down in the womb and if he runs away from this provision it will surely meet him the same way his death will surely meet him. Allah says;

وَمَن يَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى اللَّهِ فَهُوَ حَسْبُهُ ۚ

And whoever relies upon Allah – then He is sufficient for him.

Likewise, it has been reported from the Prophet, ﷺ that

عن عمر رضي الله عنه قال‏:‏ سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول ‏:‏ ‏ “‏لو أنكم تتوكلون على الله حق توكله لرزقكم كما يرزق الطير ، تغدو خماصاً وتروح بطاناً‏”‏ ‏(‏‏(‏رواه الترمذي ، وقال حديث حسن ‏)‏‏)‏‏.‏

‘Umar (May Allah be pleased with him) said: I heard Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) saying: “If you all depend on Allah with due reliance, He would certainly give you provision as He gives it to birds who go forth hungry in the morning and return with their bellies full  at dusk”.

Seeking Forgiveness

Sins also cause provisions to be prevented or delayed. If one sins much, he may experience this. One of the ways to get out of this is by seeking forgiveness from Allah. An example of this is Prophet Nuh’s advice to his people. He advised them to seek forgiveness from Allah and that He would provide for them, increase their wealth and children.3

Supplication

Allah has already promised whoever calls on Him; He will surely answer with whatever he asks. So, if someone asks for provisions from Allah, He will grant it by His mercy. The likes of this is what Prophet Isa, may the peace and blessing of Allah be upon him, did when his people demanded provisions from him. He called unto Allah and He sent down a table full of food.4

From the supplication is the recommended one from our Prophet ﷺ, as it has been narrated that he used to say;

عَنْ أُمِّ سَلَمَةَ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ كَانَ يَقُولُ إِذَا صَلَّى الصُّبْحَ حِينَ يُسَلِّمُ ‏ “‏ اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ عِلْمًا نَافِعًا وَرِزْقًا طَيِّبًا وَعَمَلاً مُتَقَبَّلاً ‏”‏ ‏.‏

It was narrated from Umm Salamah that when the Prophet (ﷺ) performed the Subh (morning prayer), while he said the Salam, he would say: “O Allah, I ask You for beneficial knowledge, goodly provision and acceptable deeds).

Giving Charity

Giving charity to the poor, needy and less privileged, showing mercy to them makes Allah show mercy to someone also. By doing this Allah will increase the provision of someone. It has been authentically reported that the Prophet ﷺ said that no day will come except that two angels will descend from the heaven; one saying : O Allah compensate the one that spends from his provision and the other will say: O Allah decrease the provision of the one that withholds it, and if they go they will never return in another day until the day of resurrection. Also Allah says,

قُلْ إِنَّ رَبِّى يَبْسُطُ ٱلرِّزْقَ لِمَن يَشَآءُ مِنْ عِبَادِهِۦ وَيَقْدِرُ لَهُۥ ۚ وَمَآ أَنفَقْتُم مِّن شَىْءٍۢ فَهُوَ يُخْلِفُهُۥ ۖ وَهُوَ خَيْرُ ٱلرَّٰزِقِينَ

Say, “Indeed, my Lord extends provision for whom He wills of His servants and restricts [it] for him. But whatever thing you spend [in His cause] – He will compensate it; and He is the best of providers.”

Joining the Ties of Kinship

Among the ways to increase one’s provision from Allah is by joining the ties of kinship. The Prophet, ﷺ said;

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏ “‏ مَنْ سَرَّهُ أَنْ يُبْسَطَ لَهُ فِي رِزْقِهِ، وَأَنْ يُنْسَأَ لَهُ فِي أَثَرِهِ، فَلْيَصِلْ رَحِمَهُ ‏”‏‏.‏

Narrated Abu Huraira: I heard Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) saying, “Whoever is pleased that he be granted more wealth and that his lease of life be prolonged, then he should keep good relations with his Kith and kin.”

Let us thank Allah for all He provides for us.

As Salaamu alaykum wa rahmatullahi

Notes

  1. Surah 51:56-58
  2. Surah
  3. Surah 7:10-12
  4. Surah 5:114-115

1 Comment

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